A plethora of contact tracing apps have been developed and deployed in
several countries around the world in the battle against Covid-19. However,
people are rightfully concerned about the security and privacy risks of such
applications. To this end, the contribution of this work is twofold. First, we
present an in-depth analysis of the security and privacy characteristics of the
most prominent contact tracing protocols, under both passive and active
adversaries. The results of our study indicate that all protocols are
vulnerable to a variety of attacks, mainly due to the deterministic nature of
the underlying cryptographic protocols. Our second contribution is the design
and implementation of SpreadMeNot, a novel contact tracing protocol that can
defend against most passive and active attacks, thus providing strong
(provable) security and privacy guarantees that are necessary for such a
sensitive application. Our detailed analysis, both formal and experimental,
shows that SpreadMeNot satisfies security, privacy, and performance
requirements, hence being an ideal candidate for building a contact tracing
solution that can be adopted by the majority of the general public, as well as
to serve as an open-source reference for further developments in the field.

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