Blockchain is a continuously developing technology that has made digital
transactions and related computing operations more transparent and secure
through globally distributed and decentralized management of states, as well as
the strong immutability of blocks mined and transactions validated in a network
enabled by the blockchain technology. This manuscript is aimed at elaborating
the concept of blockchain technology alongside its coordination and
implementation with other emerging technologies, such as smart contract, which
works with different blockchain frameworks, as well as enabling anonymous
transactions and decentralized consensus amongst different untrusting parties.
The discussion of blockchain forks is also covered in this manuscript,
depicting fork events created in the blockchain process, their brief history,
types, and impacts upon the blockchain development and operation.

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