With the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT), establishing a secure
channel between smart devices becomes crucial. Recent research proposes
zero-interaction pairing (ZIP), which enables pairing without user assistance
by utilizing devices’ physical context (e.g., ambient audio) to obtain a shared
secret key. The state-of-the-art ZIP schemes suffer from three limitations: (1)
prolonged pairing time (i.e., minutes or hours), (2) vulnerability to
brute-force offline attacks on a shared key, and (3) susceptibility to attacks
caused by predictable context (e.g., replay attack) because they rely on
limited entropy of physical context to protect a shared key. We address these
limitations, proposing FastZIP, a novel ZIP scheme that significantly reduces
pairing time while preventing offline and predictable context attacks. In
particular, we adapt a recently introduced Fuzzy Password-Authenticated Key
Exchange (fPAKE) protocol and utilize sensor fusion, maximizing their
advantages. We instantiate FastZIP for intra-car device pairing to demonstrate
its feasibility and show how the design of FastZIP can be adapted to other ZIP
use cases. We implement FastZIP and evaluate it by driving four cars for a
total of 800 km. We achieve up to three times shorter pairing time compared to
the state-of-the-art ZIP schemes while assuring robust security with
adversarial error rates below 0.5%.

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